General Sir William Birdwood

He is the best known commander of Anzacs during the Gallipoli Campaign and he was known as “Birdie” by the Australian troops. He was born in India on the 13th September 1865. He trained Anzacs before being sent to Western Front in November 1914. Later on he also took the command of the British Army and Anzacs in the Dardanelles. His serene courage won the admiration of all. His fighting spirit and also his concerns for the soldiers became important factors in Anzac morale. He was definitely the soul of Anzacs. Because of the lack of depth in the Anzac position and the commanding heights occupied by the Turks, his attacks in May and August were surprisingly unsuccessful. But soldiers under Birdwood’s leadership showed great courage and also endurance